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WHY MEDIA SHOULD SUPPORT FAMILY PLANNING

 


(Role of Media)

BACKGROUND

Anambra State, known as the "Light of the Nation", has a projected total population of 5.8 million people. The state has a total of 575 Primary Health Care Centres, 37 secondary and 2 tertiary facilities across the 21 LGAs in the State. 194 of the total 614 public health facilities in the state do not provide family planning services. Anambra State has 1.3 million women of reproductive age (WRA) and records a maternal mortality rate of 286 per 100,000 live births; this implies that 3,718 Women of Reproductive Age die annually from childbirth. 174, 200 women of reproductive age have unmet family planning need. Media as the mouthpiece of the populace, plays a vital role in informing and educating the public about family planning.

 

ANAMBRA STATE MATERNAL HEALTH INDICES

Infant Mortality Rate

12.6%

DHB

Under 5 Mortality Rate

20.1%

DHIS

Unmet Need Rate

9.6%

NDHS2018

Maternal Mortality Ratio

286/100,000

NDHS2013

Total fertility Rate

5.3%

NDHS2018

Women of Reproductive Age (WRA)

1.3m

NPopC

Modern Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (mCPR)

17.2%

NDHS2018

 

KEY ISSUES

·        Limited knowledge and awareness of family planning and its benefits.

·        Low demand for family planning services in the communities.

·        Few   publications   with   the   low   quality   and content of Family planning in the media.

·        Myths and misconception around family planning information and services in the communities and on the media.

·        Limited family planning discussion within public space.

 

ACTIONS REQUIRED

·        Use media platforms to disseminate technically appropriate and culturally sensitive family planning messages.

·        Use media platforms to demystify myths and misconceptions

·        Use media platforms to create demand for modern Family Planning services

·        Use media platform to demand accountability for Family Planning services from Duty Bearers.

 

BENEFITS

·        Women of reproductive age, families and communities knowledgeable about FP methods and their benefits.

·        Increased uptake of modern family planning services leading to healthier and more productive mothers and families.

·        Reduction in the number of women that die from pregnancy and child-birth related complications.

 

DEFINITION OF TERMS:

Infant Mortality Rate: the number of 'deaths under one year of age occurring among the live births in a given geographical area during a given year, per 1000 live births occurring among the population of the given geographical area during the same year.

Under   Five   Mortality   Rate:   the   probability (expressed as a rate per 1000 live births) of a child born in a specified year dying before reaching the age of five if subject to current age-specific, mortality rates.

Unmet Need Rate: the percentage of women of reproductive age, either married or in a union, who have an unmet need for family planning-those who want to stop or delay child bearing but are not using any method of contraception.



Maternal Mortality: the death of a woman while pregnant or -within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management but not from accidental or incidental causes.

Total Fertility Rate: the number of children who would be born per woman (or per 1000 women) if they were to pass through the child bearing years bearing children according to a current schedule of age-specific fertility rates.

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate: partners who are currently using at least one method of contraception, regardless of the method used. It is usually reported for married or in-union women aged 15 to 49.

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